Monday, July 25, 2016

How to diagnose lupus

How to diagnose lupus


Lupus is a form of autoimmune disease. Meaning that something goes wrong with your system of immunity. Immunity system is a part of the body that get rid of various viruses, germs, bacteria and other foreign threat to your body.  Normal immune system generates antibody a protein that able to fight foreign substances.  In lupus however there is some sort of compromise in the immune system that makes it unable to differentiate between real threat and your own healthy tissues.  Thus at that condition the immune system generate antibody that attacks the healthy tissues. Causing inflammation, pain and general inconvenience to your body. In this article we will discuss a bit on how to diagnose lupus.

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The great immitator

Doctor who is about to make diagnosis for you for lupus will look for the sign of inflammation, which include pain, heat, redness of skin, swelling and loss of function at some place in your body.  Inflammation can occur in both inside (kidneys, heart and other organs) and outside (skin, limbs etc) Or can occur in both areas at same time.

Challenges in how to diagnose lupus are not to be understated. Lupus have another name, the great imitator as it is able to mimic symptoms of many other illnesses. Lupus can also have sketchy and unclear symptoms and can just come and go and can even change

Your doctor or other medical assistance will carefully review the following data while evaluating for any possibility of Lupus.

  • your current symptoms

  • your laboratory test results

  • your medical history

  • the medical history of your close family members (grandparents, parents, brothers and sisters, aunts, uncles, cousins)

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All of those information would be useful on how to diagnose lupus.

Laboratory Testing

Wide variety of medical laboratory tests are available to detect various physical changes in your body that can be caused by lupus.  Each test may yield result that add more information to the diagnostic process your doctor is performing to determine your illness. However for number of reasons which will be mentioned below. Laboratory tests still cannot definitively give answer whether you got lupus or not.

  • No single laboratory test able to determine whether a person got lupus or not

  • Test results that suggest lupus can be due to other illnesses or can even be seen in healthy people or in other words a false positive

  • A test result may yield positive at one time and negative another time.

  • Test result can be different for each laboratory.

Diagnosis can be much easier if multiple symptoms or criteria are present simultaneously.  All experts be it physician, pediatrician, family practitioner and internist may reach a solid lupus diagnosis. However in typical case of lupus. Symptoms often occur and develop gradually, thus diagnosis could be unclear and difficult. Consultation with a rheumatologist might be required. ,

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